Spoken Sanskrit Dictionary
Output transliteration
IAST (Diacritics)
HK (ASCII)
Search option
Whole word
Beginning of word


Devanagari input (Unicode) will also be accepted
Translation:
Sanskrit to English
English to Sanskrit
Automatic
Devanagari- Trainer FAQ


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1 What is SpokenSanskrit.de?

2 What is the content of the dictionary?

3 What does editable dictionary mean?

4 What does hypertext dictionary mean?

5 Why does this dictionary contain many words which I would never use in spoken language?

6 Why are some of the entries displayed in red color?

7 What is the key novelty of this dictionary?

8 I don’t read Devanagari script. How can I learn to pronounce the Sanskrit words correctly from the transliteration?

9 What do the abbreviations under 'Grammar' column mean (e.g., “adj", "ppp", etc)?

10 The transliteration of Sanskrit words does not seem intuitive, e.g., using the letter 'z' for 'sh'. Why don’t you use simple phonetic transliteration scheme like I see in some Indian language web sites?

11 How can I suggest a new entry in the dictionary?

12 I found a mistake in one of the entries in the dictionary. Who do I contact to get this fixed?

13 I know a lot of Sanskrit words and expressions which I have been using at home since childhood. Is it OK to add those in the dictionary?

14 Is there a way to use SpokenSanskrit.de on my mobile phone?

15 Is there an offline version of SpokenSanskrit.de dictionary that I can download?

16 Can I integrate SpokenSanskrit.de into my website or provide link to it?

17 How can I report an error?

18 I want a Sanskrit translation for my tattoo. Can you help?

19 What is the organization behind this dictionary? Who maintains this website?

20 I have a question that is not in this FAQ? What do I do?



1 What is SpokenSanskrit.de?

spokensanskrit.de is an editable online hypertext Sanskrit-English-Sanskrit dictionary containing words, phrases, and sentences of the Sanskrit language with special emphasis on spoken Sanskrit.

2 What is the content of the dictionary?

SpokenSanskrit.de Sanskrit dictionary does not confine itself just to words; it also contains Sanskrit phrases as well as example sentences with their respective translations. This helps to understandd the usage of words in spoken Sanskrit language.

3 What does editable dictionary mean?

Any registered user may add, change, or delete entries of the dictionary.

4 What does hypertext dictionary mean?

By clicking at a word of a dictionary search result, a new search will be performed. This helps to explore the semantic content of a dictionary entry.

5 Why does this dictionary contain many words which I would never use in spoken language?

It is impossible to define which expressions belong to a spoken language, and which do not. Imagine a dialogue about the connection of Yoga to the theory of relativity ... Therefore, we have started with expressions of everyday language, slowly extending the dictionary to "classical" terms as well as to terms of science and technology etc.

6 Why are some of the entries displayed in red color?

These are the words / phrases which most probably are often used in spoken language, as well as example sentences.

7 What is the key novelty of this dictionary?

One can look up the English translation of a Sanskrit word or vice versa. All words in the search result are soft-linked. So clicking a word in the result will search the database again for all the available translations of that word and its applications in phrases and sentences. That is, for a Sanskrit word S, one can get all English translations e1, e2, etc. If you click an English word in that output, say e3, that would regenerate the result with all the Sanskrit translations of that English word, s1, s2, etc. Searching again based on what you are looking for could produce more translations in the neighborhood of the context. This process of repeatedly searching using previous context can help in learning the etymological roots of the Sanskrit words. This type of contextual search also makes acquiring a good Sanskrit vocabulary a bit easier.

8 I don’t read Devanagari script. How can I learn to pronounce the Sanskrit words correctly from the transliteration?

Prof. Kalyakrishnan's
website provides audio of Sanskrit letters for beginners. From this site one can learn how to properly pronounce Sanskrit letters. If you prefer to use IAST or Harvard-Kyoto instead, you can find details on how to use these schemes in Wikipedia. See also the excellent website www.learnsanskrit.org for beginners.

9 What do the abbreviations under 'Grammar' column mean (e.g., “adj", "ppp", etc)?

Here is a quick reference:

m.   masculine noun
n.   neuter noun
m. n.   m. and .n noun
f.   feminine noun
adj.   adjective
indecl.   indeclinable
pron.   pronoun
num.   numeral
sent.   sentence
ppp.   past passive participle
pr.act.part   present active participle


10 The transliteration of Sanskrit words does not seem intuitive, e.g., using the letter 'z' for 'sh'. Why don’t you use simple phonetic transliteration scheme like I see in some Indian language web sites?

Phonetic transliteration scheme works wonderfully if you are already familiar with the language and its sounds. For a dictionary, it is necessary we should use a transliteration scheme which is unambiguous and usable by folks all over the world. Both
IAST as well as Harvard-Kyoto are clearly defined and have been in use for decades by the academia internationally. For that reason, we are leveraging these schemes here. Even within different regions of India, phonetic transliteration could be interpreted differently. So how can we expect a person who is unfamiliar with any of the Indian languages to know how to interpret them correctly?

11 How can I suggest a new entry in the dictionary?

Glad you asked! First, register as a member of the community, if you have not done so already. After that you would be able to either add new entries to the dictionary or modify existing entries (The edit button on the right of the entry will be enabled for you) The key thing is to make sure you got your translation correct. So please cross-verify with other sources, e.g.,
Monier-Wiliams, Apte, etc. and avoid spelling mistakes. Finally don’t forget to enter 'Source' of the entry. That's it!

12 I found a mistake in one of the entries in the dictionary. Who do I contact to get this fixed?

See the answer to the previous question. Or, place a suggestion in the Discussion board.

13 I know a lot of Sanskrit words and expressions which I have been using at home since childhood. Is it OK to add those in the dictionary?

Sanskrit has been the backbone of most Indian languages at least since 1500 CE and hence many Indians use quite a few Sanskrit words and phrases in their daily lives. However, these usages have been not been all consistent. So it is better you look up the words in different dictionaries, learn the meaning of the root and confirm that your usage is correct before making the entry. Sorry, hearsays are no good as dictionary entries!

   Use the
Discussion board to ask your questions in this regard. It is a great place to learn from others how the usages of certain words vary from region to region.

14 Is there a way to use SpokenSanskrit.de on my mobile phone?

Yes. Please use the
Mobile version.

15 Is there an offline version of SpokenSanskrit.de dictionary that I can download?

This dictionary is still young and hence growing constantly. Everyday new entries are added and some existing entries are modified or corrected. It would not be worthwhile to support an offline version if one needs to download every other day to keep the copy up-to-date.

16 Can I integrate SpokenSanskrit.de into my website or provide link to it?

Yes.

17 How can I report an error?

Please post your problem in Discussion board under Technical Issues. Within a day you can expect a feedback. For this purpose, we actively encourage the use of Discussion board. This way, other users learn about the existing problems and their remedies.

18 I want a Sanskrit translation for my tattoo. Can you help?

For free online translation service, check out this
site. The Discussion board here has not been as responsive in this regard. The user community of SpokenSanskrit.de tend be more focused on linguistic aspects of Sanskrit language. Sometimes you would get your answer, sometimes not!

19 What is the organization behind this dictionary? Who maintains this website?

This web site was started by gla, ran and nar in 2005 and maintained by gla with help from volunteers from the user community.

20 I have a question that is not in this FAQ? What do I do?

Post your question in the Discussion Board. You should have a response in a day. If your question is frequent enough we will update this FAQ with the question and the answer.